Labor Studies

Stephen Crivillaro – Everything You Should Know About Sicilian Pizza

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Italy is the home of pizza and New York was origin of pizza in the United States. Stephen Crivillaro is a skilled pizza maker, who was born and raised in New York City. In his pizzeria, he uses a 50-year-old Sicilian recipe to make his pizza. Sicilian is just one of the many regions in Italy. Each region has a slightly different style of pizza and cuisine.

Pizza has been a popular dish in the western region of the island since the mid-19th century. Each region has a slightly different style of pizza, but maintains the same basic flavor palette. In the United States, Sicilian style pizza is often rectangular and often has a thick crust. It is a popular style of pizza in the United States.

There are two different styles of Sicilian pizza. One style traditionally has a thick crust and is a rectangular shape. This style of pizza is thick crust, but is not quick as thick as a deep dish pizza. The crust is bread-like and the toppings are often tomatoes, herbs, onions, anchovies and strong cheeses. The second style of Sicilian pizza is round and has a thin crust. This style is more similar to Neapolitan pizza. It has a thin crispy crust, with the same toppings as the thick crust.

New York style pizza traditionally has a thin crust. Stephen Crivillaro opened his own pizzeria on the Lower East Side. He owns and operates a local pizzeria and works hard to give his customers amazing slices.


Stephen Crivillaro – Labor Studies

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Stephen Crivillaro is a graduate of Queens College, one of the senior colleges in the City University of New York system. He majored in Labor Studies and received his Bachelor’s degree.

Stephen Crivillaro had a long standing interest in organized labor, although as with so many areas he did not fully appreciate the depth to which the formal discipline of Labor Studies could go. Through the Queens College curriculum, he learned to analyze the labor force and get a deeper appreciation for, and understanding of, its place in the United States in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. The core courses in Labor Studies exposed him to a lot of different issues and his academic advisers said he should think seriously about an area of specialization. The core courses introduced him to the history of the labor movement, the impact of old and new technology on labor, labor relations and its economic context, the political and social roles of organized labor, and the area that interested him the most: the legal framework of labor-management relations. He was learning toward a specialty in collective bargaining and labor contract law, when a new interest bloomed in renewable energy.

Stephen Crivillaro was able to learn a little bit about renewable energy through some of the electives he took at Queens College, and since graduating it has been the focus of his professional life. Stephen Crivillaro has been a green energy consultant, and this work has taken him to some far-flung destinations. But as much as he likes it, he says that he would like to settle down someday and go into business for himself by opening his own pizzeria

Stephen Crivillaro – Labor History

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Stephan Crivillaro majored in Labor Studies as a student at Queens College, and learned a great deal about the role of organized labor in American industry, and the of the dynamics of between and management relations.

Stephan CrivillaroHe also learned a great deal about the history of organized labor. Before enrolling in the Labor Studies curriculum, Stephen Crivillaro always thought that labor unions had their origins in the twentieth century. But it was really in the mid- to late-1800s that the initial efforts to organize workers into units of collective bargaining began to make headway. Prior to that, most American workers worked ten hour shifts for six days at week, and that was the original goal of most organized labor: winning an eight hour day, five days a week, and at a reasonable wage.

During the early days of labor and its attempts to organize, there was disagreement on what the common goals should be. But the length of the work day and week were generally agreed upon. After some success with shorter days and work weeks, some workers, Stephen Crivillaro learned, adopted extreme ideas such as Marxism. Others were content to bargain collectively for small increases in their hourly wage, and a few benefits. But he saw that organized labor had, as a group, brought tremendous change to the workforce in America, and most of it for the better. Today most Americans enjoy higher wages, better hours, and improved working conditions, and in many instances employers pay for medical coverage and a couple of weeks of vacation each year.

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